According to Bacongos, the man is composed of body (nitu), blood (menga) that is the headquarters of the spiritual soul (moyo), the man's specific beginning.
The "moyo" survives the death and raisin to live with the ancestors. The double soul (nfumu nkutu), some thing similar to the sensitive soul, completes the human personality, because it is the beginning of the sensitive perception. It lives in the hearing organ and it encourages ears and view. He can walk wandering during the syncope’s and the sleep. He originates the shadow to follow the man. He disappears at the hour of the death.
The name, fourth element, it should change whenever he feels a substantial change in the person.
The "muxima", heart in Angolan kimbundu, contains the whole wealth of the man's personal universe. It "is not only the origin and the group of the emotions and of the sensitive affections, nor only the motor of the will, nor only the source of the thought, nor only the own person in her individual originality: it is all this of only one time."
The "muxima" stands out of the man's physical heart. The delicate humanism bantu: hospitality, human warmth, solidarity, gratitude and courtesy reveals the refinement of the "muxima". For that, the great aspiration is to possess a "muxima" powerful, virile, since it drives, in definitive, it defines and it values the man. To analyze the heart is equal to analyze the man's totality.
Certain group’s bacongos assure that some genius, whose habitat is the water, can be introduced in the swimmer's body. For the sexual intercourse they embody and they originate abnormal children, as the albino ones and twins. Other times, they attribute the abnormal birth to the maternal infidelity, because that only one father cannot generate two children.
The twins are considered, in many groups, abnormal and dangerous for the society. Then the propitiatory ceremonies demanded by the threatened community. The mother of the twins is subject to special taboos.
Neither there is to notice that nor do all of the group’s Bantus accomplish these initiation rites. Even in Angola, there are groups that ignore and others that practice her partially. Therefore, our statements only refer to the groups that demand the initiation rites.
The initiation companions are united forever for indestructible bows. They help her and they defend each other. He is born a solid feeling of fraternity, they call themselves "siblings". These bows can prevail on the relatives and group of families, because the precepts of the initiation are sacred. I take oath for the "muhanda" (name kimbundu of these rites of passage), it is a sacred expression.
The great rite finishes for solemn oaths: "Nor to the woman with whom you sleep you can count what did in the muhanda; he hides, he denies, it deforms, or else you will die."
In Cultura Tradicional Bantu. Pe. Raul Ruiz de Asúa Altuna. Editions Paulinas
Image: Angola em fotos