In Luanda, already the children's extermination exists, because: With the destruction of the energy electrical, and generators for whole the song that they are added to the tobacco of the cars, and the powder of the madness of the works, becomes impossible to survive in Luanda… under penalty of we die poisoned.
The rites of passage and the pubescent girl's initiation doesn't almost have relief in the societies maternal origin. Or they disappeared or they were reduced to insignificant symbolic rites.
In Angola, the initiation is practiced by several groups: Ganguela, Tshokwe, Nhaneka-Humbe, Ambó.
The girl should be initiate when she appears her the first period. In some groups, begin before and, in other, after two years to pass or plus, or they associate it to the matrimonial contract.
In some rites, these rites lasted months and until years. They instructed like this them and they prepared for all of the feminine functions. They usually last few days, only three or four. They were reduced to an only ceremony, and they take place at the villages and in the paternal house.
The girl should come virgin to these rites, of opposite she suffers vexations and she pays an indemnity, besides attracting the shame for her and for his mother, responsible for his education. Before, they could be killed with a lance.
To appear pregnant, the dishonour assumes the largest gravity. Be die. If a girl cuanhama gave to the light, before the "efundula" (they call like this themselves the begins rites, it predicted the sovereign's death. A boy's birth, whose mother didn't go by these rites, is a very fateful indication.
Among Cuanhamas, in the second day of the "efundula", the girls drink a special beer, mixed with drugs, in that some sperm of a circumcised of other group was included, since they don't practice the circumcision.
In the "olufuko" of Cuamatos, the old schoolmistress prepares a beer with drugs of the which it removes a portion in a cup; in her, a circumcised wash his member virile three times. The girl, that ignores these practices, has a sip. The rest, the mother go it spilling for the low-womb until running for a hoe, that they put him under the inferior members.
Plenty black-African people practice the cut or clitoritomia. He appears as exception among some groups Bantus.
In a painful and cruel operation they extirpate the clitoris with a candescent knife, with glass pieces, with a razor blade, with a flint knife or with an incandescent firebrand. A lot of times also cut the small and big lips of the vulva. The operation is made by specialized women that, in some places, apply nettles as painful anaesthesia. Make her when the youth arrives to the puberty and, in some groups, as soon as he arrives at the eight or nine years.
The cut is practiced above all in the Arab countries or Islamized: Egypt, Sudan, Djibouti, United Arab Emirates and Oman. In black Africa: in Nigeria, Mali, Guinea, Costa of the Ivory and other people of oriental Africa. Kikuyu, people Bantu of Kenya, seems that they are the only ones that they demand the cut inexorably the all from the women.
Jomo Kenyatta nor he became pregnant that if it questioned the social value and even religious person, besides ethical, of this horrible practice. The clitoritomia is an initiation for the which the youth reaches woman's social statute. No kikuyu will marry with a woman an initiate, and, inclusively, it is dangerous magician to relate sexually with whom didn't suffer the cut.
In Traditional Culture Bantu. Pe. Raul Ruiz de Asúa Altuna. Editions Paulinas
Picture: Angola em fotos
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